With the advent of the Covid 19 pandemic, there has been an acceleration toward automation. Packaging solutions and advances have also become important. Pneumatics plays a very large part in both automation and packaging as outlined below in the blog
Part of pneumatic technology is the use of compressed air for blowing, moving and cooling. The rugged nature and general low cost of compressed air products for these applications as well as the extremely low level of maintenance required have become more important criteria where downtime and maintenance costs have also risen dramatically especially when compared to more complex and expensive capital cost alternatives.
Pneumatic and hydraulic systems have many similarities. Both pneumatics and hydraulics are applications of fluid power. They each use a pump as an actuator, are controlled by valves, and use fluids to transmit mechanical energy. The biggest difference between the two types of systems is the medium used and applications. Pneumatics use an easily compressible gas such as air or other sorts of suitable pure gas—while hydraulics uses relatively incompressible liquid media such as hydraulic or mineral oil, ethylene glycol, water, or high temperature fire-resistant fluids. Neither type of system is more popular than the other because their applications are specialized. This article will help you make a better choice for your application by describing the two types of systems, their applications, advantages, and disadvantages. The load or the force that you need to apply, the output speed, and energy costs determine the type of system you need for your application.
What is Pneumatics?
Pneumatics is a branch of engineering that makes use of pressurized gas or air to affect mechanical motion based on the working principles of fluid dynamics and pressure. The field of pneumatics has changed from small handheld devices to large machines that serve different functions. Pneumatic systems are commonly powered by compressed air or inert gases. The system consists of interconnected set of components including a gas compressor, transition lines, air tanks, hoses, standard cylinders, and gas (atmosphere). The compressed air is supplied by the compressor and transmitted through a series of hoses. The air flow is regulated by manual or automatic solenoid valves and the pneumatic cylinder transfers energy provided by the compressed gas to mechanical energy. A centrally located and electrically powered compressor powers cylinders, air motors, and other pneumatic devices. Pneumatic systems are controlled by a simple ON/OFF switch or valve.
Most industrial pneumatic applications use pressures of about 80 to 100 pounds per square inch (550 to 690 kPa). The compressed air is stored in receiver tanks before it is transmitted for use. The compressors ability to compress the gas is limited by the compression ratios.
Pneumatic systems are typically used in construction, robotics, food manufacturing and distribution, conveying of materials, medical applications (dentistry), pharmaceutical and biotech, mining, mills, in buildings, and tools in factories. Pneumatic systems are primarily used for shock absorption applications because gas is compressible and allows the equipment to be less susceptible to shock damage.